Alexei Zubets, vice rector at the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, told Radio Sputnik that the authorities are already working on this issue.
"It would be difficult to completely abandon the US financial system because over half of the world’s transactions are conducted using US dollars. In this case we’re talking about the US dollar as a unit of account, because the US could block Russian payments in international transactions at any moment – this is what we’re talking about, and it’s high time that we deal with it," Zubets said.
He added that Russia needs alternative, independent payment systems that do not depend on foreign processing centers, and that the Mir national payment system is a step in the right direction.
"This is a security matter. The Russian payment system needs to be independent, allowing us to live without fear of being hit by sanctions and getting our accounts blocked; it should allow us to use our money without having to worry about processing centers located beyond our country’s borders," Zubets explained.
Meanwhile, Dmitry Polevoy, chief economist for Russia & CIS region at ING Bank,warned that the Russian economy may not be able to become independent from the US dollar anytime soon due to the fact that Russia’s status as major exporter of raw materials – for example, oil – which is globally priced in US dollars.
"Therefore, a significant decrease in dependence on the US dollar can only be achieved by increasing the volume of non-raw material trade with the non-USD bloc countries," Polevoy said.
However, chief economist of the Eurasian Development Bank Yaroslav Lissovolik pointed out that coordinated efforts by energy resources’ exporters may help them trade raw materials using national currencies and not just US dollars.
"For example, if Russia and certain other natural gas exporting countries were to form an alliance, it would afford them more options for trading their commodity using payments in national currencies," he remarked.
On August 2, US President Donald Trump signed into law the "Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act" that effectively imposes new sanctions against North Korea, Iran and Russia.
As a response to this development, Russian authorities moved to reduce the country’s dependency on the US currency and its payment systems.